How can immunotherapy help you treat cancer?

How can immunotherapy help you treat cancer?

Immunotherapy is a treatment method that uses the body's immune system to treat disease. It can be used to treat a variety of conditions, including cancer, autoimmune diseases, and infectious diseases.

In cancer treatment, immunotherapy works by activating or boosting the immune system to attack and kill cancer cells. This can be achieved in a number of ways, including:

immune checkpoint inhibitors

These drugs can prevent cancer cells from using immune checkpoint mechanisms to evade immune system attack, thereby enhancing the immune system's ability to recognize and eliminate cancer cells.

CAR-T cell therapy

This is a type of personalized immunotherapy that involves extracting the patient's own immune cells (T cells), modifying these cells to recognize and attack cancer cells, and then reinjecting them into the patient.

tumor vaccine

These vaccines can stimulate the immune system to produce an immune response specific to cancer cells, helping the immune system better recognize and attack cancer cells.

In the treatment of autoimmune diseases, immunotherapy often works by suppressing an overactive immune system to reduce symptoms and control disease progression. This can be accomplished by using immunosuppressants or other drugs that modulate the immune system.

Overall, immunotherapy, as an innovative treatment method, has shown potential in multiple fields and is constantly being developed and improved.